Kidney Stone Treatment in Indore by Dr. Pritesh Shrimali

MBBS, MS(General Surgery), DNB(Genitourinary Surgery) Mumbai, MNAMS (New Delhi)
Currently practising as a senior consultant urologist at Bombay Hospital Indore

What is kidney stone?

A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract from minerals in the urine. Kidney stone is also known as renal calculus or nephroliths.

How are kidney stone formed?

Urine, which is produced in the kidneys, naturally contains substances that promote the development of crystals. These stone promoters include calcium, oxalate, sodium, phosphorus and uric acid (and also cystine, in the case of individuals with the inherited disorder known as cystinuria).

These stone-promoting compounds, which come from the bloodstream, are present in urine because the kidneys filter our blood and regulate whether and how much of these urinary constituents will be reabsorbed by the kidneys (put back into blood circulation) or eliminated as waste.

In addition to these, urine also naturally contains proteins and other compounds that inhibit crystal formation. Examples of stone inhibitors in urine include total urine volume (the more urine produced, the less concentrated it is and less likely to become supersaturated), citrate, magnesium, pyrophosphate, phytate and proteins and other molecules derived from normal metabolism, collectively referred to as urinary macromolecules. These inhibitors aid the elimination of crystals before they attach to the kidney and grow into larger stones.

In order for tiny crystals to grow into larger stones, the urine must first become supersaturated, either due to: 

  • Low urine volume
  • Abnormally high concentration of stone promoters
  • Abnormally low concentration of stone inhibitors
  • Any combination of the above

Under normal circumstances, there is a balance of urinary stone makers and inhibitors, leading to the painless elimination from the kidney of tiny crystals.

Thus, if the crystals remain small enough, and if the urine is dilute enough to avoid supersaturation, crystals will flow with urine through the ureters and bladder without being noticed or causing problems. However, this balance between stone promoters and inhibitors does not exist for everyone - either due to genetic, lifestyle or other factors leading to the formation of kidney stones.

Kidney stone treatment is possible by various methods. These include surgical kidney stone treatment, non-surgical kidney stone treatment, kidney stone treatment and removal by laser and Medication.



Kidney Stone





Animation of Kidney Stone

Types of Kidney Stones

Calcium Stones

Most kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a naturally occurring substance found in food. Some fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate, have high oxalate levels.

Struvite Stones

Struvite stones form in response to an infection, such as a urinary tract infection. These stones can grow quickly and become quite large, sometimes with few symptoms or little warning

Uric Acid Stones

Uric acid stones can form in people who don't drink enough fluids or who lose too much fluid, those who eat a high-protein diet, and those who have gout. Certain genetic factors also may increase your risk of uric acid stones

Cystine Stones

These stones form in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acids (cystinuria)



Other Links

Follow these links to know more about Kidney Stone and Treatment options

Contact Us

For any urological problems please feel free to contact


Room no. 2, 1st Floor,
Bombay Hospital,
Ring Road, Indore(MP) - 452010


Monday - Saturday:
10:00am - 2:00pm
04:00pm - 06:00pm


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